vegetable gardening

Vegetable gardening 101- A complete guide for beginners

Are you a beginner who wants to grow your vegetable garden but thinking that it might be a difficult task that needs tons of experience? It might be a little tricky, but it is still achievable. Anyone anywhere can grow their vegetable garden even if they have zero experience.

 I have made this complete vegetable gardening guide for beginners in which I will be discussing all the points that you need to know to kick start your gardening passion, so here we go:

Choose the right location.

Choosing the right spot for your veggies is so much crucial for their nourishment and growth. Here are the few tips that you should consider to get the most benefit out of your veggies.

Place your veggies in direct sunlight.

It is so much crucial to keep your veggies in a place where they can get direct sunlight. Every plant needs a minimum of 6 hours of direct sunlight each day. There are very few plants that can grow in shades, but they are few in numbers, and all those guides who promise you that veggies can grow in shades are making you a fool. Plants cannot survive without sunlight.

Choose the moist, well drainage soil.

You must choose well-nourished and moist soil. Avoid soil that contains rocks because it can hurt your plant’s roots.

Choose a safe environment.

It is essential to choose a safe environment for your plants because winds and storms can ruin your plants. Also, avoid gardening where there is too much foot traffic and a flawed drainage system. Your plants may die too soon because of these things.

Make a map:

Draw a map; in this map, you can indicate any obstacle and the areas that get the most sunlight.

Make sure that your garden area should be free from any utility lines. If so, kindly call their number, marked with “call before you dig in” in your phone book. Call them and inform them that you plan to grow a garden and remove utility lines from that place.

To make a garden map, you will need a camera, a notebook, a stake or a wood, and a marker. Take a photograph of your garden in a way that it can capture the whole garden. Then, draw a garden design in your notebook here; mark the areas that receive the light and shady areas with the trees and slopes that may block the sunlight.

vegetable gardening

Follow the sun:

Check the patterns of shadow and sunlight during the whole day.

Put a wood or a stake and record the time when the shadow appears. Also, record the time when your garden receives the most sunlight. It is so essential that your garden receives at least 6 hours of full daylight each day. 

If your plants are receiving sunlight less than the recommended amount, then you must need to readjust your plants to the place where they can receive the most sunlight.

Keep it away from the house:

You must keep your garden at least 10 feet away from your house or other buildings so they cannot cast shadows in the ways of your plants. Also, plants that grow in the shade are less productive and can catch insects and cause diseases.

Start smaller- don’t exhaust yourself!

It would be best if you started small so that you won’t get exhausted. If you start with a big garden initially, you will get tired too soon and give up the whole idea of gardening.

  1. A 10 feet garden with 11 rows will be enough for a family of four people, but tiny seeds like reddish and carrot few rows will be enough.
  2. You must leave some space for yourself in between rows so you can water, harvest, and remove weeds from your plants.

A-Pro tip: Plant according to your needs.

Container gardening

If you are a person who has decided to grow your vegetable garden but has zero experience in it, don’t worry. I would suggest you start with container gardening. Don’t know what it is? Start growing your favourite veggies that are easy to grow in a small container that you can place wherever you want in your house. You can experiment with the little I. It will work well. Great! Now you can grow the same vegetable in your big garden.

Here are the six container gardening tips for beginners:

Tip 1: Providing the right light and temperature:

Most vegetables like tomatoes and peppers need full sunlight all day long, which is approximately 6 hours daily, but many gardeners argue this. To measure accurately how much sunlight plants can get in one day, observe the location after every 30 minutes or use a sun locator.

If you live in a hot climate, make sure to shade your plants so they won’t get too much heat and burn. Also, don’t use metal or dark-coloured containers because they receive the most light.

Similarly, if you live in a cool climate, do not let your plants outside all day long because most plants don’t like cool climates. For most plants, the required temperature is 60 degrees Fahrenheit. You can place the thermometer on your plants to ensure that they receive the required amount of temperature.

Tip 2: Water your container garden

Most of the plants like tomatoes need lots of water. How to check if your plants need water or not? Dig your finger 1 inch into the soil of your vegetable garden. If it comes dry, it means that your plants need water. In the scorching weather, your plants need to water daily or a maximum of two times per day which is the top maintenance level. Don’t over-water your plants. The point is to make them moist and not dripping with lots of water.

Tip 3: Use high-quality potting soil:

Use high-quality potting soil to grow vegetables in the container. If you use your ground garden soil in the container, it may stick into the container and block the water drainage system, which can also ruin your plant. Using the same soil means importing the same problems to your contain including weeds, pests and diseases.

Tip 4: Feed your vegetable plants:

Plants need nutrition to grow, and fertilizer is one of them. According to the research, gardeners mix fertilizer several times during the growing season. Mix the fertilizer into your soil or buy compost and mix it well into the soil.

Tip 5: Create a proper drainage system for your plants:

You must use a pot or a container with lots of holes at the bottom so the excess water can be drained out and cannot make the plants rot because of too much water. If your container doesn’t have holes, no worries, make holes some small holes and one large at your container’s bottom. Make sure to cover the giant hole before filling your container with soil so it won’t come out. After filling the soil and seeding plants, you can reopen the large hole.

Tip 6: Select the suitable container:

You can do container gardening with any large container with good draining and food-safe material. Don’t consider anything that is less than 12 inches because growing vegetables need lots of space to grow. Ample space means more soil, and more soil means more moisture and nourishment, so the larger the container, the better results!

A pro tip: ground gardens are difficult to mend than containers that are easy to mend, weed, mulch, and grow.

  • Bed raising gardening

Bed raising gardening creates a bed of soil of around 5-6 inches high from the ground soil. People surround these raised-bed gardens with fences of concrete and different materials to avoid insects coming in and ruining plants.

  • Ground gardening:

The ground garden is the traditional garden that is on the surface level. It is much big, and it can be difficult as a beginner to jump rightly into ground gardening. Here are the few reasons you should not start

Choose the suitable vegetables:

If you are a beginner, you must start with vegetables that are easy to grow.

A pro tip: As a beginner, start with no more than five veggies.

I have listed five easy to grow vegetables that you should consider increasing to kick your gardening passion. So here we go:

  1. Lettuce
  2. Spinach
  3. Tomatoes
  4. Peppers
  5. Radishes

A pro tip: Mix them in with some marigolds to ward off pests, attract pollinators and add some colours to your vegetable garden.

Here are some tips for choosing the right kind of veggies for your vegetable garden. So here we go:

  • Grow what your family like to eat

Always grow what your family likes to eat. Don’t grow something that they don’t like, and you may end up frustrated after doing all the hard work.

  • Be realistic about how much veggies you can eat.

Be realistic about how many veggies you and your family can eat. Don’t grow too much. Although you can give away the extra vegetables to your neighbours, friends, and family, it would be wise to grow according to your needs.

  • Check the availability of veggies at your local grocery store.

It is unwise to grow the vegetables that are readily available at your local grocery store. Instead, I would suggest growing the veggies that are pretty expensive or hard to find. Sounds great, right? You can be a champion by growing what is hard to find.

  • Be prepared to take care of your plants throughout the whole season.

If you have decided to grow your garden, it’s essential to prepare your mind to take care of your garden throughout the whole year. If you have planned to go on vacations this summer, I would recommend hiring someone or asking someone else to look after your vegetable garden during your absence.

  • Use high-quality seeds

It’s so much essential to choose only high-quality seeds. They might be a little expensive but trust me, they will be worth spending money on because your plants’ quality depends on the quality of sources you use.

  1. When and where will each plant go

If you are planning to start with the small garden, this process is relatively easy, but if you are determined to start with the bigger ones, then this can be a little tricky, and you have to plan these two things:

  • Where will each plant go?
  • When to water a specific plant?
  1. Some guidelines for arranging your vegetable garden:
  • Some vegetables like carrot, cabbage, beets, celery grow in winter, tomatoes, beans, broccoli, cucumber grow in the spring season. tomatoes and pepper don’t grow until the soil completely warms up.
  • Plants need to get an equal amount of sunlight to grow better. So, grow your tall plants on the north side of your garden to block shade for the smaller plants.
  • Some plants such as spinach and lettuce mature quickly, while tomatoes and pepper may take longer to produce. The time frame information is available on the seeds packets that you buy.
  • You don’t need to plant all the lettuce seeds simultaneously. Instead, plant them with a few weeks’ intervals to keep them coming!
  1. When to plant what:
  • Every region has a different climate. Every vegetable has its temperature preference, so you should consider your environment and the type of temperature that your desired vegetables need to grow the right kind of vegetable garden.

Conclusion:

The idea of starting your vegetable garden can be daunting but is not unachievable. This guide has discussed all the basic things that one should need to know before starting their vegetable garden. I hope these tips would help you; if you find anything helpful or want to share any other valuable information with us related to vegetable gardening, comment below. We would love to hear from you. Happy gardening!

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