Tall Fescue Grass Seed is a grass species that is commonly called as ‘’tall fescue grass’’. This cool-weather perennial species of grass is native to European countries. In agriculture field, many cultivators are used. Tall fescue grass is decorative and fancy grass as well as a plant which is used to clean up water, soil, and air that are being contaminated with dangerous and life-threatening contaminants. It was founded in British as an endophytic free variety of grass.
This plant is dark green and has branches that are formed by thick leaves with prominent veins that run parallel to the entire length of the blade. Blades of leaves are coarse to touch and are shiny. The process of photosynthesis occurs throughout the leaves. Tooth-edged blades can be felt if fingers run down the edge. The grass spreads through tilling and the transmission of seeds. They have sterile shoots extending the width of each bunch. It often requires reseeding when bare spots occur.
- Kingdom: Plantae
- Order of this grass is Poales
- Family is Poaceae
- Subfamily: Pooideae
- Genus: Festuca
- Scientific name: Festuca arundinacea
- Type of soil: It can tolerate a variety of soil
- Soil pH: 5.5 to 7
Characteristics of Tall Fescue Grass:
- It is a cool-weather grass having improved heat tolerance.
- Tall fescue is suitable to be grown in northern as well as in transition zones.
- Tall Fescue Grass Seed can also withstand shade, drought, and heat.
- It improves lawn resilience as well as durability.
- Tall Fescue Grass Seed grows vigorously in cool spring and fall.
This Grass can easily be grown from seed. Tall Fescue Grass Seed germinates more quickly as compared to Kentucky bluegrass. It has an extensive system of roots that can reach up to a depth of 2 to 3 inches. When it is compared to the grass species used to grow in northern lawns, tall fescue contributes to high heat and drought tolerances. It is a bunch forming grass and produces short rhizomes. Vertical shoots grow from the base of the grass itself.
Lawn care and maintenance:
The best time to plant tall fescue grass is in fall and spring. Tall fescue lawns rarely need dethatching because of their bunch forming ability. They hold the benefit of perioding over-seeding of lawns to keep their density as well as beautiful appearance. When damage occurs to the grass, it can repair it. when they are grown in transition zones, their varieties need more irrigation when compared to that of warm-season grass like Zoysia Grass. They stay green and healthy throughout the summer season.
They can be grown in a variety of soil types and require less fertilizer. You can carry out soil testing to check the type and pH of your soil. They grow in soil with having pH of 5.5 to 7.5, so you have to maintain it. The temperature of the soil should be 60 to 75 degrees. However, the temperature of the air should be 15 degrees Celsius. Tall fescue grass is considered an essential component of cool-weather lawns. It does most of the growth in the spring season as well as in fall. Short panicles of three to four inches are produced during the spring season.
The tall fescue grass can handle hot temperatures and heavy traffic. They are considered for low maintenance yards or lawns having limited access to water. They need to be watered 3 to 5 times during the summer season. This amount of water is very sufficient if you want to maintain a high-quality tall fescue grass lawn.
A single application of fertilizer is sufficient for the grass in late October which should contain 1lb of Nitrogen per 1,000 square ft. overfertilization can cause a fungal disease called leaf spot. It can also result in the depletion of food reserves. It will also make the tall fescue grass susceptible to drought and heat.
An intermingled layer of living as well as dead plant materials which accumulate above the surface of the soil is called thatch. It does not cause any type of problem if the grass is properly managed and cared for. Prevent the build-up of thatch by the reduction of the plant growth, the addition of necessary fertilizer containing nitrogen, and mowing at a right time. An aerator can punch hollow tines into the soil. It can remove the soil cores which are roughly the size of an index finger. Tall Fescue Grass Seed does not remove large thatch but it can help in preventing the development of thatch. It can also remove compaction of the soil.
Diseases and pests:
Some diseases can bother tall fescue grass badly. Some rusts and fungus can cause a problem. Armyworm, cutworm as well as white grubs are the insect pests of tall fescue grass. White grubs must be well controlled, as they cause huge damages. Such insects and diseases attack the turf grass if it is overfertilized or overwatered. A brown-patched disease can also attack the tall fescue grass, so an occasional fungicide treatment must be done. Beetles and masked chafers are the grubs that can cause damages. They lay eggs in spring. These eggs hatch during summer. Larvae of these begin to feed on tall fescue turf grassroots. These species are known as Fall Grubs as they cause a lot of damages in the fall season. You can use pesticides or insecticides to kill unwanted insects and to prevent them from causing diseases.
Mowing of tall fescue:
It has a very high growth rate. It requires more frequent mowing. The improved varieties can handle low mowing heights, but the pressure of unwanted weeds can increase. It makes the grass thin and weakened and results in improper cultural practices.
Growing tall fescue grass in your lawn or garden:
Seeds of this tall turf grass are bigger as compared to other grass seeds. They can be easily planted in your garden or yard and can be over-seeded at the rate of 3 to 5 pounds per 1000 square ft. They can germinate within 14 days.
- Decide that either you want to plant the grass in an existing lawn or a new lawn.
- Test the temperature of soil as well as its pH. You can get a garden kit from any gardening center. If the soil is acidic, treat it with a good lime. If the soil is alkaline, treat it with compost.
- Kill unwanted weeds before planting the seeds. Get this job one before two weeks of planting the seeds. Get a weed killer that contains glyphosate that kills all the plants and grass. When reseeding the grass on bare spots, you can use herbicides.
- Till the soil kill all the existing plants by plowing. If you are not tilling the soil before planting the seeds, it means that you are overseeding fescue grass. It thins out over some time and helps to grow a thick turf to achieve a higher density
- Now mow your lawn or area where you plant the seeds. Remove the clipping that is in excess using an iron rake. It will also scratch the soil and prepare it for seeds.
- Then aerate your lawn with an aerator. If you plant the seeds without aerification, it will not allow good contact of soil with fescue seeds. Seeds require firm contact with the soil, needing thin coverage to carry out the process of germination. Fescue seeds will not germinate if they are simply thrown on the surface.
- Now sow the seeds on the area which is ready to be planted. Sow in early fall for best results.
- The seed will start germinating within 14 days.
- You must aerate again and again after you have broadcast your seed. It will provide soil coverage of your seedlings.
- Water the seeds, add suitable and necessary fertilizers. Follow your usual mowing practices.
- You should keep in mind if you are over-seeding a new lawn then you have to create a seedbed for seedlings and water the seeds daily after planting.
Planting a fescue grass in the new lawn:
If you want to seed the fescue grass in a new lawn, follow the step-by-step process:
- Till the area where you want to plant the seeds. Make a good seedbed with small compaction of the soil. Tilling the soil can be done in two ways; by a roto-tiller and a tractor hollow tiller.
- Level the ground using a rake. You can level the ground also by dragging something over the ground. Make it smoother.
- Remove the hills as well as depressions.
- Now it’s time to plant the fescue seeds. Use a turf grass planter and a slit seeder.
- Sow the seeds with the help of hands.
- Rake the seeded area carefully. Use the correct seeding rate.
- The use of a straw can help you with some erosion issues. Aerators (vertical blade) can help you in pushing some of the straw into the soil. You can also use a seed mat to cover the area.
- Water your plants daily until the germination starts. Water as much as needed.
- Add fertilizers and practice a regular mowing schedule.
Tilling the soil is necessary because the existing plants try to establish other plants from seeds. It will provide competition to your plants by consuming sunlight and nutrients essential for the healthy growth of plants. Eliminating the existing plants properly means that you will be able to grow the grass efficiently.
Reseeding the tall fescue grass:
- Start by cutting the old fescue in such a way that the new seeds reach the soil easily.
- Set the mower to cut the grass 1 to 2 inches high.
- Remove lawn clipping with the help of a rake.
- Aerate the soil by using a renting core aerator or buy your own. Move the aerator up and down. Pull up the soil, making ten holes into it.
- Sow new seeds now.
- For sowing new fescue seeds, you will need 3 to 5 pounds of seeds per 1000 sq ft.
- Avoid planting too many seeds, as it will cause competition between plants. The seedlings will become weak.
- Now cover the soil using a rake. A hand roller can be used for this purpose.
Continue mowing the lawn as usual. You can add fertilizer rich in nitrogen which is very helpful in the healthy growth of plants. Keep the soil moist as needed. Fescue will need more water to remain greener during the summer season.
Fescue grass lawns are planted from the seed. It provides your lawn a beautiful and lush display. Tall Fescue Grass Seed is a perennial grass that is best known for being drought and climate tolerant. It is a cool-season grass and is a very popular choice for homeowners. It is well-suited for the areas that have both warm and cold seasons. This low-maintenance grass requires dethatching. It requires very little fertilizer. Although it does not require heavy maintenance, there are step-by-step tasks to grow a healthy, tall fescue grass. Many factors can affect the germination process, including the oxygen level of soil, temperature, and water level. You need to be patient and consistent in your job. It may require over-seeding and mow properly. This grass thrives during winter as the blades ward off damaging or unwanted weeds. During the summer season, you need to keep an eye on thinning the area where fescue is planted. The best time to water fescue is morning time. It will keep it fresh and healthy.